EPPO Global Database

'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium'(PHYPPH)

Distribution details in Lebanon

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2015: Present, widespread
From CABI Disease map 1172 (2015): Present, widespread
EPPO Reporting Service (2001/094) : in Bekaa region.

EPPO Reporting Service (2002/083) : more details.

EPPO Reporting Service (2013/035) : now widespread (detected in 16 out of 26 districts), severely affecting almond, peach and nectarine. A National plan will be implemented for the integrated management of the disease.

EPPO Reporting Service (2015/097) : studies on potential vectors.
* Abou-Jawdah Y, Abdel Sater A, Jawhari M, Sobh H, Abdul-Nour H, Bianco PA, Molino Lova M, Alma A (2014) Asymmetrasca decedens (Cicadellicae, Typhlocybinae) ,a natural vector of ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium’. Annals of Applied Biology 165(3), 395-403.

* Abou-Jawdah, Y.; Karakashian, A.; Sobh, H.; Martini, M.; Lee, I.M. (2002) An epidemic of almond witches’-broom in Lebanon: classification and phylogenetic relationships of the associated phytoplasma. Plant Disease, 86(5), 477-484.

* Abou-Jawdah Y, Molino-Lova M, Bianco PA, Choueiri E, Fakhr R, Hajj-Hassan S, Haydar L, Al Achi R (2012) Almond witches' broom phytoplasma, officially declared as a regulated pest in Lebanon. Abstract of a paper presented at the 22nd International Conference on virus and other graft transmissible diseases of fruit crops (Roma, 2012-06-3/8), p 21.

* Abou-Jawdah Y, Sobh H, Akkary M (2009) First report of almond witches'-broom (‘Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium’) causing a severe disease on nectarine and peach trees in Lebanon. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 39(1), 94-98.

* Choueiri E, Jreijiri F, Issa S, Verdin E, Bové J, Garnier M (2001) First report of a phytoplasma disease of Almond (Prunus amygdalus) in Lebanon. Plant Disease 85(7), p 802.

* Molino Lova M, Quaglino F, Abou-Jawdah Y, Choueiri E, Sobh H, Casati P, Tedeschi R, Alma A, Bianco PA (2011) Identification of new 16SrIX subgroups, -F and -G, among 'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium' strains infecting almond, peach and nectarine in Lebanon. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 50(2), 273-282.

* Tedeschi R, Picciau L, Quaglino F, Abou-Jawdah Y, Molino Lova M, Jawhari M, Casati P, Cominetti A, Choueiri E, Abdul-Nour H, Bianco PA, Alma A (2015) A cixiid survey for natural potential vectors of 'Candidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium' in Lebanon and preliminary transmission trials. Annals of Applied Biology 166(3), 372-388.