EPPO Global Database

Phthorimaea operculella(PHTOOP)

Distribution details in United States of America

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 1993: Present, widespread
From CABI Pest map 010 (2012): Present, widespread
From NPPO: Present, widespread
From NAPPO (1992): present restricted distribution.
* NPPO of the USA (1993).

* Cooper, S. G.; Douches, D. S.; Zarka, K.; Grafius, E. J. (2009) American Journal of Potato Research 86 (1), 24-30.
------- Northwest.

* Metcalf, C. L.; Flint, W. P. (1962) Destructive and useful insects. Their habits and control (4th edition). McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York and London, 1087 pp.

* Opler, P. A.; Lotts, K.; Naberhaus, T. (2010) Potato Tuberworm Moth: Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller, 1873). Butterflies and Moths of North America. Big Sky Institute, Bozeman, MT, USA. http://www.butterfliesandmoths.org/species?l=6250.

* Shands, W. A.; Landis, B. J. (1964) USDA Agricultural Handbook 264, 61 pp.
------- Established in 22 states from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. However, damage rarely occurs in the field except in California and in the coastal sections of Virginia.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Canada British Columbia Absent, pest no longer present view...
Canada Absent, pest no longer present view...
Mexico Present, no details view...