EPPO Global Database

Heterobasidion annosum(HETEAN)

Distribution details in Italy

Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2004: Present, widespread
According to Gonthier et al. (2004), the North American P group of H. annosum was introduced into Italy via infected wood (e.g. crates, pallets or other wooden objects) brought by US troops during World War II (in the woodlands of the Castelporziano woodlands Presidential Estate). This has resulted in an invasion extending over 100 km of the Mediterranean coast near Rome, with significant mortality of Pinus pinea trees.
* Gonthier P, Warner g, Nicolotti G, Mazzaglia A, Garbelotto M (2004) Pathogen introduction as a collateral effect of military activity. Mycological Research 108, 468-470.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Austria Present, widespread view...
France Present, widespread view...
Switzerland Present, widespread view...