EPPO Global Database

Harmonia axyridis(HARNAX)

Distribution details in United States of America

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2011: Present, widespread
First recorded in: 1988
From CABI Pest map 689 (2007): Present, widespread
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (2009/194) : intentional releases began as early as 1916 in California (US) and intensified during the 1970s and 1980s. Established populations were first detected in Louisiana in 1988, and H. axyridis rapidly spread to most US states (with the exception of Arizona, Hawaii, Montana, New Mexico, and Wyoming).
References
* Brown PMJ, Adriaens T, Bathon H, Cuppen J, Goldarazena, Hägg T, Kenis M, Klausnitzer BEM, Kovář I, Loomans AJM, Majerus MEN, Nedved O, Pedersen J, Rabitsch W, Roy HE, Ternois V, Zakharov IA, Roy DB (2008) Harmonia axyridis in Europe: spread and distribution of a non-native coccinellid. BioControl 53(1), 5-21.

* Brown PMJ, Thomas CE, Lombaert E, Jeffries DL, Estoup A, Lawson Handley LJ (2011) The global spread of Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae): distribution, dispersal and routes of invasion. BioControl 56(4), 623-641.

* Chapin JB, Brou VA (1991) Harmonia axyridis (Pallas), the third species of the genus to be found in the United States (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society Washington 93, 630–635.

* Koch RL, Galvan TL (2008) Bad side of a good beetle: the North American experience with Harmonia axyridis. BioControl 53(1), 23-35.

* Koch RL, Venette RC, Hutchison WD (2006) Invasions by Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) in the Western Hemisphere: implications for South America. Neotropical Entomology 35(4), 421-434.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Canada British Columbia Present, no details view...
Canada Manitoba Present, no details view...
Canada Alberta Present, few occurrences view...
Canada New Brunswick Present, no details view...
Canada Nova Scotia Present, no details view...
Canada Ontario Present, no details view...
Canada Québec Present, no details view...
Canada Saskatchewan Present, no details view...
Canada Present, no details view...
Mexico Present, no details view...