EPPO Global Database

Phyllosticta citricarpa(GUIGCI)

Distribution details in Argentina

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2005: Present, restricted distribution
From CABI Disease map 053 (2012): Present, no details
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (1998/123) : previously considered doubtful, but on the basis of information compiled in 1998, recorded in the two major citrus-producing regions: Tucuman, Misiones and Corrientes. The disease also occurs in the region of Entre Rios where the first symptoms were observed on Valencia Late oranges in 1986/87. In this region, the pycnidial form (Phyllostictina citricarpa) was readily isolated from most symptomatic fruits, but the sexual stage, G. citricarpa has not yet been detected (no details are given for the other regions of Argentina mentioned above). All commercial cultivars are susceptible to G. citricarpa to a varying extent (except sour orange, Citrus aurantium). G. citricarpa can cause significant losses due to premature fruit drop, and refusal of fruits for fresh market (as they are disfigured by the presence of black spots).
References
* Duran, E. L.; Ploper, L. D.; Ramallo, J. C.; Grandi, R. A. P.; Giancoli, A. C. H.; Azevedo, J. L. (2005) Canadian Journal of Botany 83 (4), 350-355.

* Foguet JL, Deramallo NV, Leal GT (1985) [Presencia de mancha negra de los cítricos en Tucumán]. Avance Agroindustrial 6, 9-10 (in Spanish)

* Garrán SM (1996) Citrus black spot in the Northeast of Entre Rios: etiology, epidemiology and control. Proceedings of the International Society of Citriculture, 466-4470.

* Rodriguez V.,Mazza Gaiad SM (1996) The effects of fungicides and fertilization on the control of black spot of citrus (Guignardia citricarpa). Proceedings of the International Society of Citriculture, 482-484.
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Bolivia Absent, confirmed by survey view...
Brazil Amazonas Present, no details view...
Brazil Espirito Santo Present, no details view...
Brazil Minas Gerais Present, no details view...
Brazil Santa Catarina Present, no details view...
Brazil Parana Present, no details view...
Brazil Rio Grande do Sul Present, no details view...
Brazil Present, restricted distribution view...
Brazil Sao Paulo Present, no details view...
Brazil Rio de Janeiro Present, no details view...
Chile Absent, unreliable record view...
Paraguay Absent, confirmed by survey view...
Uruguay Present, no details view...