EPPO Global Database

Geosmithia morbida(GEOHMO)

Distribution details in Italy

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2020: Present, restricted distribution
First recorded in: 2013
Pest status declared by NPPO: Present, only in some parts of the Member State concerned (2020-10)
From CABI Disease map 1158 (2014): Present, few occurrences
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (2014/001) : first found in September 2013 in Northeastern Italy (Bressanvido, Vicenza province, Veneto region) on black walnut trees (Juglans nigra) of different ages (trees around 80 years old in a garden - 15 years old trees in a neary walnut plantation for timber production). Eradication measures are being considered.

EPPO Reporting Service (2016/153) : update of the situation. The disease has been found in Veneto (70 000 ha around the province of Vicenza) and in Piemonte (2 sites). The vector, P. juglandis, has been trapped in small numbers in Friuli-Venezia Giulia and Lombardia. Under official control.

EPPO Reporting Service (2019/102) : update of the situation. The disease has been found in Lombardia (1 tree), Toscana, Emilia-Romagna.

EPPO Reporting Service (2020/222) : eradicated in Toscana.
References
* EU (2017) Final report of an audit carried out in Italy from 12 September 2016 to 23 September 2016 in order to evaluate the situation and control for thousand canker disease. DG(SANTE) 2016-8796-MR.
http://ec.europa.eu/food/audits-analysis/audit_reports/details.cfm?rep_id=3795

* Montecchio L, Faccoli M (2013) First record of thousand cankers disease Geosmithia morbida and walnut twig beetle Pityophthorus juglandis on Juglans nigra in Europe. Plant Disease 98(10), p 1445.
------- First record in Italy and in Europe.

* Montecchio L, Franchin G, Berton V, Scattolini L (2015) Vegetative incompatibility and potential involvement of a mycovirus in the Italian population of Geosmithia morbida. Phytopathologia Mediterranea 54(3), 465−476.

* Montecchio L, Vettorazzo M, Faccoli M (2016) Thousand cankers disease in Europe: an overview. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 46(2), 335–340.

* Moricca S, Bracalini M, Benigno A, Ginetti B (2019) Thousand cankers disease caused by Geosmithia morbida and its insect vector Pityophthorus juglandis first reported on Juglans nigra in Tuscany, Central Italy. Plant Disease 103(2) p 369. DOI: https://www.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-07-18-1256-PDN

* NPPO of Italy (2013-11, 2018-11, 2019-02, 2019-04, 2020-10).


Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Slovenia Absent, confirmed by survey view...