EPPO Global Database

Bactrocera dorsalis(DACUDO)

Distribution details in Australia

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2014: Absent, pest eradicated
First recorded in: 1995
Eradication in: 1999
From CABI Pest map 109 (2019): Absent, pest eradicated
Comments
The Australian Plant Protection Service considers this pest absent from Australia (unconfirmed reports were due to confusion with B. opiliae). Intercepted in Victoria.

From OIRSA data sheet: presence unconfirmed but several similar species occur in northern Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland) and are of considerable economic importance.

This point of view is not borne out by CABI maps 109 (1994), 547 and 553, based on Drew & Hancock (1994). Though this confirms that true B. dorsalis is not present in Australia, the only pest species recorded is B. papayae in the Torres Straits Islands of Queensland. Though map 553 shows that other Bactrocera spp. occur in Australia, in a coastal strip extending from Northern Territory through Queensland down to Victoria, the species concerned are not pests.

B. papayae was originally confined to the Torres Straits Islands in Queensland. Then found in wider Cairns region, leading to establishment of a 70000 km2 quarantine area. However, it was declared eradicated on 1999-04-30 after 20 months with no detection.

EPPO Reporting Service (1999/98): B. philippinensis was first found in suburban Darwin (Northern Territory) in 1997-11. A 50 km quarantine area was established. Declared eradicated on 1999-05-31 after no detection in 17 months.

EPPO Reporting Service (2014/188) : B. papayae and B. philippinensis are synonyms of B. dorsalis.
References
* 19th Session of APPPC, 1995-11-27/12-01, Los Baños (PH).

* Fletcher, B. S.; Bateman, M. A. (1983) 555-563.

* NPPO of Australia (1994).
------- Invalid record (B. dorsalis sensu stricto).

* NPPO of Australia (1999-06).
------- Eradication of B. philippinensis.