EPPO Global Database

Citrus leprosis virus sensu lato(CILV00)

Distribution details in United States of America

Situation
Current pest situation evaluated by EPPO on the basis of information dated 2012: Present, restricted distribution
From CABI Disease map 801 (2000): Present, few occurrences
Comments
EPPO Reporting Service (2009/010) : citrus leprosis no longer occurs in the USA. The disease was observed in the past in Florida (until the 1960s) but is no longer found. There was also an old record from Mississippi in 1923 but the disease has not been reported since.

According to Roy et al. (2015), Hibiscus green spot virus 2 occurs in Hawaii (one of the virus associated with citrus leprosis).
References
* Brunt AA, Crabtree K, Dallwitz MJ, Gibbs AJ, Watson L (1996) Viruses of plants, pp. 578-579. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.

* Childers CC, Rodrigues JC, Derrick KS, Achor DS, French JV, Welbourn WC, Ochoa R, Kitajima EW (2003) Citrus leprosis: its status in Florida and Texas: past and present. Experimental and Applied Acarology 30, 181–202.

* Chung KR, Brlansky RH (2006) Citrus diseases exotic to Florida: Citrus leprosis. Fact Sheet PP-226. University of Florida, IFAS Extension, 3 pp. http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pdffiles/PP/PP14800.pdf

* Kitajima EW, Chagas CM, Harakava R, Faier Calegario R, Freitas-Astua J, Rodrigues JCV, Childers CC (2012) Citrus leprosis in Florida, USA, appears to have been caused by the nuclear type of Citrus leprosis virus (CiLV-N). Virus Reviews and Research 16(1-2), 1-5.

* NAPPO Phytosanitary Alert System. Pest Alert of 2001-03-21. Citrus leprosis virus (CiLV) Bitancourt. http://www.pestalert.org/viewArchPestAlert.cfm?rid=46&keyword=leprosis

* Personal communication with H. Hartzog, APHIS-USDA (2009-01).

* Rodrigues JCV, Kitajima EW, Childers CC, Chagas CM (2003) Citrus leprosis virus vectored by Brevipalpus phoenicis (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) on citrus in Brazil. Experimental and Applied Acarology 30, 161-179.

* Roy A, Hartung JS, Schneider WL, Shao J, Leon G, Melzer MJ, Beard JJ, Otero-Colina G, Bauchan GR, Ochoa R, Brlansky RH (2015) Role bending: complex relationships between viruses, hosts, and vectors related to citrus leprosis, an emerging disease. Phytopathology 105(7), 1013-25.
-------- Hibiscus green spot virus 2 in Hawaii (one of the virus associated with citrus leprosis).
Situation in neighbouring countries
Country State Status
Mexico Present, restricted distribution view...