EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 01 - 2021 Num. article: 2021/013

First report of Xylosandrus compactus in mainland Spain

The NPPO of Spain recently informed the EPPO Secretariat of the first report of Xylosandrus compactus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae – EPPO Alert List) on the mainland. The beetle had previously been observed in Mallorca (Baleares, EPPO RS 2020/010). In mainland Spain, the pest was found in two municipalities in Cataluña region.

  • X. compactus was detected in laurel plants (Laurus nobilis) planted as a hedge in a private garden located in the municipality of Banyoles (Girona province). About half of the laurel plants showed decline. Samples were taken in August and September 2020, and the identification was confirmed by the Regional Laboratory. 
  • X. compactus was detected on carob trees (Ceratonia siliqua) and hazelnut trees (Corylus avellana) in a farm located in the municipality of Salou (Tarragona province, Cataluña) in October 2020. The identification was confirmed by the Regional Laboratory.

In both cases, eradication measures are implemented. The areas concerned are being surveyed to assess the extent of the outbreaks. The plants were pruned to remove the affected twigs and the twigs were destroyed. 

The pest status of Xylosandrus compactus in Spain is officially declared as: Present, under eradication, only in some parts of the Member State concerned.


NPPO of Spain (2020-12).