EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 05 - 2020 Num. article: 2020/102

First report of tomato brown rugose fruit virus in Egypt

In June 2019 leaf samples from hybrid tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) were collected in 4 sites in Fayoum and Ismailia Governorates. Twenty samples were collected from plants with viral symptoms and 9 from asymptomatic plants. The diseased samples showed leaf mosaic, deformation and necrosis, as well as discoloration and deformations on fruits. Samples were tested by DAS-ELISA for the presence of viruses that induce similar symptoms on tomato plants. Out of  the 20 diseased samples, 4 tested positive for Tomato spotted wilt virus (Orthotospovirus, TSWV – EPPO A2 List), 3 for Pepino mosaic virus* (Potexvirus, PepMV - EPPO A2 List), 3 for Tomato mosaic virus (Tobamovirus, ToMV), 2 for Tomato chlorosis virus* (Crinivirus, ToCV - EPPO A2 List), 6 for Tomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tobamovirus, ToBRFV – EPPO Alert List), and 3 samples had a mixed infection with TSWV and ToBRFV. The identity of ToBRFV was confirmed by RT-PCR. This is the first report of ToBRFV in Egypt.

The situation of Tomato brown rugose fruit virus in Egypt can be described as: Present.


* The EPPO Secretariat had no previous reports of the presence of PepMV and ToCV in Egypt.


Amer MA, Mahmoud SY (2020) First report of Tomato brown rugose fruit virus on tomato in Egypt. New Disease Reports 41, 24. http://dx.doi.org/10.5197/j.2044-0588.2020.041.024