EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 08 - 2019 Num. article: 2019/174

Update of the list of invasive alien species of Union concern (European Union)


The Regulation (EU) 1143/2014 on Invasive Alien Species entered into force on the 1st January 2015.  At the core of the Regulation is a list of invasive alien species of Union concern.   On the 14th July 2016, the European Commission published the Commission Implementing Regulation 2016/1141 which adopted a list of 37 invasive alien species of Union concern of which 14 species were invasive alien plants.  In July 2017, a further 12 invasive alien species were added to the list, of which 8 were invasive plant species.  In July 2019, an additional 17 invasive alien species were added to the list, of which 13 are invasive alien plants. In total, 35 invasive alien plants are included on the list of invasive alien species of Union concern.  For each species on the list, Member States will need to implement the following measures: (1) prevention, (2) early detection and rapid eradication of new invasions, (3) management of populations that are already widely spread.


Table 1. Thirty-five invasive alien plants included in the List of Union (EU) concern.  Species with an EPPO PRA are highlighted in bold.  Distribution information for each species is included in the EPPO Global Database. 


Species

Form

Addition to the List of Union concern

EPPO List

Acacia saligna (Fabaceae)

Tree

2019

None

Ailanthus altissima (Simaroubaceae) 

Tree

2019

Invasive Alien Plants

Alternanthera philoxeroides(Amaranthaceae)

Aquatic perennial herb

2017

A2

Andropogon virginicus (Poaceae) 

Perennial grass

2019

A2 

Baccharis halimifolia(Asteraceae)

Deciduous shrub

2016

A2 

Cabomba caroliniana (Cabombaceae)

Aquatic perennial herb

2016

Invasive Alien Plants

Cardiospermum grandiflorum (Sapindaceae) 

Annual or perennial vine-like climber

2019

A2 

Cortaderia jubata (Poaceae)

Perennial grass

2019

A1 

Ehrharta calycina (Poaceae)

Perennial grass

2019

A2 

Eichhornia crassipes(Pontederiaceae)

Aquatic floating perennial herb

2016

A2 

Elodea nuttallii (Hydrocharitaceae)

Aquatic perennial herb

2017

Invasive Alien Plants

Gunnera tinctoria (Gunneraceae)

Perennial 

2017

Invasive Alien Plants

Gymnocoronis spilanthoides (Asteraceae)

Aquatic perennial herb

2019

A2 

Heracleum mantegazzianum (Apiaceae)

Monocarpic perennial

2017

Invasive Alien Plants

Heracleum persicum(Apiaceae)

Perennial herb 

2016

A2 

Heracleum sosnowskyi(Apiaceae)

Biennial/perennial herb

2016

A2 

Humulus scandens (Cannabaceae)

Annual vine

2019

A2 

Hydrocotyle ranunculoides(Apiaceae)

Perennial aquatic herb

2016

A2 

Impatiens glandulifera (Balsaminaceae)

Annual herb

2017

Invasive Alien Plants

Lagarosiphon major (Hydrocharitaceae)

Submerged aquatic

2016

Invasive Alien Plants

Lespedeza cuneata (Fabaceae)

Perennial herbaceous legume

2019

A1 

Ludwigia grandiflora (Onagraceae)

Emergent perennial aquatic

2016

A2 

Ludwigia peploides(Onagraceae)

Emergent perennial aquatic

2016

A2 

Lygodium japonicum (Lygodiaceae)

Perennial climbing fern

2019

A1 

Lysichiton americanus (Araceae)

Perennial 

2016

Observation 

Microstegium vimineum (Andropogonaeae)

Annual grass

2017

A2

Myriophyllum aquaticum (Haloragaceae)

Aquatic herb

2016

Invasive Alien Plants

Myriophyllum heterophyllum (Haloragaceae)

Aquatic herb

2017

A2

Parthenium hysterophorus (Asteraceae)

Annual herb

2016

A2 

Pennisetum setaceum (Poaceae)

Perennial grass

2017

Invasive Alien Plants

Persicaria perfoliata (Polygonaceae)

Annual herbaceous vine

2016

A2 

Prosopis juliflora (Fabaceae)

Perennial woody shrub/tree

2019

A2 

Pueraria montana var. lobata (Fabaceae)

Deciduous vine

2016

A2 

Salvinia molesta (Salviniaceae)

Perennial floating aquatic 

2019

A2

Triadica sebifera (Euphorbiaceae)

Deciduous tree

2019

A1 


Sources

European Commission website: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/invasivealien/