First report of Erwinia amylovora in Georgia
In Georgia, Erwinia amylovora (EPPO A2 List) was detected in 2016. Samples of Cydonia oblonga (quince), Malus domestica (apple) and Pyrus communis (pear) were collected in the regions of Eastern Georgia (Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli, and Shida Kartli) and Western Georgia (Imereti). E. amylovora was detected by real-time and conventional PCR methods in 23 samples of plant material from Shida Kartli region (11 apple, 6 pear and 6 quince samples), in 5 samples from Kvemo Kartli region (1 quince and 4 apple samples), in 2 samples of apple from Kakheti region and 1 sample of pear collected in Imereti region. Further surveys will be conducted in the country.
The situation of Erwinia amylovora in Georgia can be described as: Present, restricted distribution.
Gaganidze DL, Aznarashvili MA, Sadunishvili TA, Abashidze EO, Gureilidze MA, Gvritishvili ES (2018) Fire blight in Georgia. Annals of Agrarian Science 16(1), 12-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aasci.2018.02.001.