First report of Garella (=Erschoviella) musculana in Turkey
During research studies conducted from 2015 to 2018 in the province of Bartin (Black Sea region), Garella (=Erschoviella) musculana (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae - EPPO A2 List) was found for the first time in Turkey. Until recently, this pest of walnut (Juglans regia) was only known to occur in Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan). The present paper also refers to recent records of G. musculana in India (Kashmir valley in 2011) and Ukraine (2008), as well as to its possible presence in Afghanistan and Iran (unconfirmed in both countries). As damage caused by G. musculana can be confused with Zeuzera pyrina on young shoots and with Cydia pomonella on walnut green husk, the impact of G. musculana in Turkey is unknown and needs to be further studied. Pictures of the pest and its damage have been kindly provided by the authors of this first record in Turkey and are available in the EPPO Global Database.
The situation of Erschoviella musculana in Turkey can be described as follows: Present, only in some areas (first found in 2015 in Bartin province).
Yıldız Y, Yıldırım İ, Bostancı C, Aydoğan O (2018) [Erschoviella musculana Erschoff 1874, a new record and a new walnut pest in Turkey]. Journal of Bartin Faculty of Forestry 20(2), 296-302 (in Turkish). http://dergipark.gov.tr/download/article-file/475282
Khan ZH, Ramamurthy VV, Dar Mudasir A, Raina RH (2011) The Asian walnut moth Erschoviella musculana Erschoff, 1874 (Nolidae: Lepidoptera) A new pest of walnut for Kashmir Valley of J&K, India. Indian Horticulture Journal 1(1), 55-56 (abst.). http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:ihj1&volume=1&issue=1&article=014
Sviridov AV (2008) The walnut nycteoline-moth Erschoviella musculana Erschov — Noctuid species, new for Europe and Ukraine (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Biological Series 113(1), 60-62 (abst.). http://herba.msu.ru/russian/journals/bmsn/113/2008_1.pdf