First report of Monilinia fructicola in Montenegro
In Montenegro, symptoms of brown rot were observed in June and July 2016 on nectarine (Prunus persica var. nucipersica cv. Adriana). Diseased fruit had been collected from a 19-year-old commercial orchard (3.8 ha) located near Podgorica. Symptoms could be found throughout the orchard and included twig blight and rotted fruit with large, brown lesions covered by greyish brown sporodochia that consequently resulted in fruit mummification, which caused considerable yield losses. Laboratory analysis (morphological, molecular, pathogenicity tests) confirmed the presence of Monilinia fructicola (EPPO A2 List). This is the first time that M. fructicola is reported from Montenegro. It is noted that further studies are needed to determine the distribution and impact of M. fructicola in peach and nectarine production in the country.
The situation of Monilinia fructicola in Montenegro can be described as follows: Present, first found in 2016 in 1 commercial nectarine orchard near Podgorica.
Latinović J, Latinović N, Karaoglanidis GS (2017) First report of brown rot caused by Monilinia fructicola on nectarine fruit in Montenegro. Plant Disease 101(6), 1045-1046.