Studies on the insect vectors of Stolbur phytoplasma
Stolbur phytoplasma (‘Candidatus Phytoplasma solani’ - EPPO A2 List) is associated with several diseases affecting different crops such as tomato and other solanaceous plants, grapevine (bois noir), fruit trees. In Europe, the most important vector of stolbur was considered to be Hyalesthes obsoletus. However, recent studies have shown that other insect species may also be vectors of this pathogen:
- Macrosteles quadripunctulatus in tomato and carrot (Battle et al., 2009).
- Pentastiridius beieri in sugarbeet (Gatineau et al., 2001),
- Reptalus panzeri in grapevine (Palermo et al., 2004) and maize (Jović et al., 2007),
- Reptalus quinquecostatus in grapevine (Trivellone et al., 2005),
Batlle A, Altabella N, Sabaté J, Laviña A (2009) Study of the transmission of stolbur phytoplasma to different crop species, by Macrosteles quadripunctulatus. Annals of Applied Biology 152(2), 235-242.
Gatineau F, Larrue J, Clair D, Lorton F, Richard-Molard M, Boudon-Padieu E (2001) A new natural planthopper vector of stolbur phytoplasma in the genus Pentastiridius (Hemiptera: Cixiidae). European Journal of Plant Pathology 10, 263-271.
Jović J, Cvrković T, Mitrović M, Krnjanjić S, Redingbaugh MG, Pratt RC, Gingery RE, Hogenhout AS, Toševski I (2007) Roles of stolbur phytoplasma and Reptalus panzeri (Cixiinae, Auchenorrhyncha) in the epidemiology of Maize redness in Serbia. European Journal of Plant Pathology 118(1), 85-89.
Palermo S, Elekes M, Botti S, Ember I, Oroz A, Bertaccini A, Kölber M (2004) Presence of stolbur phytoplasma in Cixiidae in Hungarian vineyards. Vitis 43, 201-203.
Trivellone V, Pinzauti F, Bagnoli B (2005) Reptalus quinquecostatus (Dufour) (Auchenorrhyncha Cixiidae) as a possible vector of stolbur-phytoplasma in a vineyard in Tuscany. Redia 88, 103-108.