EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 07 - 2016 Num. article: 2016/139

European Union adopt list of invasive species of Union concern


On the 14 July 2016, the European Commission published the Commission Implementing Regulation 2016/1141 which adopts a list of 37 invasive alien species of Union concern.  The list is at the centre of the Regulation (1143/2014), on the prevention and management of the introduction and spread of invasive alien species, which was adopted in September 2014 and came into force on the 1st January 2015. The list of 37 invasive alien species, which will come into force on the 3rd August 2016, includes 14 plant species (see table 1) and 23 animal species.  All species on the list have been thoroughly risk assessed where the risk assessments are compliant with Article 5(1) of the Regulation.  For each species on the list, Member States will need to implement the following measures:

(1) prevention,
(2) early detection and rapid eradication of new invasions,
(3) management of invasions that are already widely spread.

The Commission has published a list of key questions and answers related to the listing of species and actions required (see link below).

Table 1. The 14 invasive alien plant species included in the list of invasive alien species of Union concern

Species
EPPO list
Native range
Baccharis halimifolia (Asteraceae)
EPPO A2 List
North America
Cabomba caroliniana (Cabombaceae)
EPPO List of Invasive Alien Plants
South America
Eichhornia crassipes (Pontederiaceae)
EPPO A2 List
South America
Heracleum persicum (Apiaceae)
EPPO A2 List
Caucasus
Heracleum sosnowskyi (Apiaceae)
EPPO A2 List
Caucasus
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides (Apiaceae)
EPPO A2 List
South America
Lagarosiphon major (Hydrocharitaceae)
EPPO List of Invasive Alien Plants
Africa
Ludwigia grandiflora (Onagraceae)
EPPO A2 List
South America
Ludwigia peploides (Onagraceae)
EPPO A2 List
South America
Lysichiton americanus (Araceae)
EPPO Observation List
North America
Myriophyllum aquaticum (Haloragaceae)
EPPO List of Invasive Alien Plants
South America
Parthenium hysterophorus (Asteraceae)
EPPO A2 List
North America
Persicaria perfoliata (Polygonaceae)
EPPO A2 List
Asia
Pueraria montana var lobata (Fabaceae)
EPPO A2 List
Asia



Sources

European Commission website:
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/invasivealien/index_en.htm
Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2016/1141:
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?qid=1468477158043&uri=CELEX
Questions and answers:
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/pdf/13_07_2016_QA_en.pdf