Results of questionnaire on distribution of Bemisia tabaci in EPPO countries
The following table on EPPO Distribution of. B. tabaci (EPPO A2 List) is compiled from postal replies and statements made to the Working Party on Phytosanitary Regulations. It also includes records from CABI map n° 284 (1986-06).
Country Status Comments
Belgium Very local Two records in glasshouses only
Cyprus Widespread -
Denmark Very local Found in two firms. The Danish Plant Protection Service is controlling infestation with pesticides.
Trade in poinsettia propagation material is seen as the most dangerous means of spread.
France Locally established Mostly on poinsettia and hibiscus
FRG B. tabac has been repeatedly introduced to glasshouses, both from EPPO countries and elsewhere.
Mostly on poinsettia. Eradication can be achieved by fumigating emptied glasshouses.
GDR Locally established -
Greece Widespread Mainly on cotton and tobacco without serious damage. Easily controlled chemically.
Guernsey Intercepted on imports Eradicated
Ireland Outbreaks occurred -
but now eradicated.
Israel Present (CABI) -
Italy Locally established In glasshouses. Can be adequately controlled.
Jersey Intercepted on imports On 4 occasions in 1987 on Poinsettias from GB and NL.
only Consignments destroyed. Not found in 1988.
Malta Never recorded -
Morocco Locally established In the region of Béni-Mellal.
Netherlands Limited distribution Found first in 1987 on poinsettia. After a control/eradication programme,
and subject to only a few infestations are known and these nurseries are still under official control.
Norway Local in glasshouses First found on glasshouse poinsettias in 1987. Now widespread on this host.
Portugal Present (CABI) -
Spain Local In glasshouses. Locally outdoors.
Sweden Locally established On poinsettia and begonia only.
Switzerland Local Established in some glasshouses.
Tunisia Absent (CABI mentions a specimen found there in 1980)
Turkey Present (CABI) -
United Kingdom Outbreaks occurred -
but now eradicated
USSR Locally established Recorded as far back as 1964 in Crimea and the Caucasus on numerous wild plant species.
At the end of 1987, B. tabaci was found in 3 regions of Turkmenistan on cotton, lemon, cucumber, tomato and some ornamentals.
Steps are being taken to control its spread.