EPPO Distribution List of Bactrocera cucurbitae
Due to the new reports of Bactrocera cucurbitae (EPPO A1 pest) in Asia the distribution is as follows:
EPPO Distribution List: Bactrocera cucurbitae
Asia: Bangladesh, Brunei, China (south coastal area), Hong Kong, India, Indonesia (East Timor, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Java, Sulawesi, Irian Jaya), Iran, Japan (Ryukyu Archipelago), Kampuchea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, United Arab Emirates and Vietnam. In the Ryukyu Archipelago it was eradicated from Kume Island in 1978 and from the Miyako Islands in 1987, using the sterile insect technique
Africa: Adventive populations in Egypt (potential EPPO country), Kenya, Mauritius, Réunion, Tanzania.
North America: Trapped in the wild in USA (California) (Carey & Dowell, 1989), but eradicated (Spaugy, 1988). Adventive populations in Hawaii (since the 1980s).
Oceania: Papua New Guinea (including New Britain, New Ireland and Bougainville Islands). In the Solomon Islands it became established in the Shortland Islands group, where it has been subjected to an eradication campaign using a combination of bait spraying and male annihilation with cue-lure traps. Adventive populations in Guam; eradicated from the Northern Mariana Islands using the sterile insect technique, but re-established on Rota in 1981.
This list replaces all previous EPPO Distribution Lists for Bactrocera cucurbitae!
EPPO Secretariat, Paris (1992-06)