EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 11 - 1993 Num. article: 1993/200

EPPO Distribution List of Citrus tristeza closterovirus

Due to the new record of citrus tristeza closterovirus (EPPO A2 quarantine pest) for Saudi Arabia the distribution list of the pest is as follows:

EPPO Distribution List: Citrus Tristeza Closterovirus

CTV is widespread throughout tropical citrus-growing areas.

EPPO region: Restricted distribution in Israel, Italy, Spain, Turkey and Yugoslavia. Scattered infected trees have been found in Algeria (potential EPPO country), Cyprus, Egypt (potential EPPO country), France (Absent; old record from Corse, but has never been found again), Morocco (for latest information see EPPO Reporting Service No. 93/047; 1993, No. 3) and Tunisia, but apparently they have been eradicated. An unconfirmed report from Libya (potential EPPO country) is probably confusion with stubborn disease (EPPO Reporting Service 504/02). Intercepted only in Portugal.

Asia: Brunei Darussalam, China, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Japan, Malaysia, Nepal, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand and Turkey. Suspected in former Democratic Yemen.

Africa: Algeria (see above), Cameroon, Chad, Egypt (see above), Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Libya (see above), Mauritius, Mozambique, Morocco (see above), Nigeria, R‚union, South Africa, Tanzania, Tunisia (see above), Uganda, Zambia, Zaire, Zimbabwe.

North America: USA - main citrus areas (Florida and California).

Central America and Caribbean: Costa Rica, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Jamaica, Nicaragua, Panama, Trinidad and Tobago.

South America: Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Surinam, Uruguay and Venezuela. The disease has been eradicated from Chile.

Oceania: American Samoa, Australia (limited distribution), Fiji, New Caledonia, New Zealand (widespread) and Samoa.

This distribution List replaces all previous published EPPO Distribution Lists on Citrus tristeza closterovirus!


EPPO Secretariat, Paris (1993-10)