EPPO Distribution List for Pseudomonas solanacearum
Due to the recent reports concerning the absence of Pseudomonas solanacearum on potatoes in Canada and its presence in Congo, its distribution list can be modified as follows.
EPPO Distribution list: Pseudomonas solanacearum
P. solanacearum is widespread in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate areas throughout the world.
EPPO region: Algeria (potential EPPO country - unconfirmed), Belarus (potential EPPO country - unconfirmed), Belgium (few reports, under eradication), Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark (found in ornamental Musa and eradicated), Egypt (potential EPPO country), Greece, Hungary, Italy (found before 1960s, not established), Israel (found but not established), Lebanon (potential EPPO country), Libya (potential EPPO country), Moldova (potential EPPO country), Morocco (found before 1950s, not established), Netherlands (few reports, under eradication), Poland (unconfirmed), Portugal (eradicated), Romania, Russia (European part, less common in the Far East), Spain (only Canary Islands, eradicated on the mainland), Sweden (eradicated), Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine (in the South), United Kingdom (England only, few reports, under eradication), Yugoslavia. It has been intercepted in Finland and Sweden (1992, RS 525/01).
Asia: Armenia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, China, Cyprus, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Georgia, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel (found but not established), Japan, Kampuchea, Lebanon, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Russia (less common in the Far East), Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam.
Africa: Algeria (unconfirmed), Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Morocco (found before 1950s, not established), Mozambique, Nigeria, R‚union, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
North America: Canada (found but not established), Mexico (Michoacan, Puebla, Sinaloa), USA (Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina).
Central America and Caribbean: Belize, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago.
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela.
Oceania: American Samoa, Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia), Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Micronesia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Vanuatu, Western Samoa.
Separate information is available for race 2 of P. solanacearum which specifically attacks banana, causing Moko disease, a threat to banana production in Mediterranean countries. As Moko disease has been reported in Indonesia (EPPO RS 94/177), its distribution list can be modified as follows.
EPPO Distribution List: Pseudomonas solanacearum race 2 (Moko disease of banana)
EPPO region: Libya (potential EPPO country)
Asia: India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka
Africa: Libya, Sierra Leone, Somalia
North America: Mexico
Central America and Caribbean: Belize, Costa Rica, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Trinidad and Tobago
South America: Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Paraguay, Suriname, Venezuela
These distribution lists replace all previous published EPPO Distribution Lists on Pseudomonas solanacearum!
EPPO Secretariat (1994-10)