EPPO Distribution List for citrus greening bacterium
Due to the new record of citrus greening bacterium in Vietnam (probably the heat-tolerant form) and data provided by Yemen, its geographical distribution can be modified as follows.
EPPO Distribution List: Citrus greening bacterium
EPPO region: Absent.
Heat-sensitive form of the disease:
Asia: Saudi Arabia, Yemen.
Africa: Comoros, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion, Saint-Helena (unconfirmed), South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe.
Heat-tolerant form of the disease:
Asia: China, India (unconfirmed), Hong Kong (few reports), Indonesia, Japan (Ryukyu islands only), Malaysia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.
Africa: Mauritius, Réunion.
Note that both forms of the disease exist in Réunion, Mauritius and Saudi Arabia. The Mediterranean area and most of the Middle East (e.g Iran) are still free from the disease. The infested area which is closest to the Mediterranean zone extends south of Mecca, along the Red Sea.
This distribution list replaces all previous published EPPO Distribution Lists on Citrus greening bacterium!
EPPO Secretariat, 1994-07.