EPPO Distribution List for Pseudomonas solanacearum
Due to the recent reports of Pseudomonas solanacearum in Belgium, Netherlands (RS 93/070), United Kingdom (RS 93/031) where the disease is under eradication and additional information provided by several countries (Australia, Canada, Denmark, Italy, Morocco, Paraguay, Russia, Ukraine, Uruguay), the distribution list for P. solanacearum can be modified as follows.
EPPO Distribution list: Pseudomonas solanacearum
P. solanacearum is widespread in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate areas throughout the world.
EPPO region: Algeria (potential EPPO country - unconfirmed), Belgium (few reports, under eradication), Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark (found in ornamental Musa and eradicated), Egypt (potential EPPO country), Greece, Italy (found before 1960s, not established), Israel (found but not established), Lebanon (potential EPPO country), Libya (potential EPPO country), Morocco (found before 1950s, not established), Netherlands (few reports, under eradication), Poland (unconfirmed), Portugal (eradicated), Romania, Russia (European part, less common in the Far East), Spain (only Canary Islands, eradicated on the mainland), Sweden (eradicated), Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine (potential EPPO country), United Kingdom (England only, few reports, under eradication), Yugoslavia. It has been intercepted in Finland and Sweden (1992, RS 525/01).
Asia: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, China, Cyprus, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Georgia, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel (found but not established), Japan, Kampuchea, Lebanon, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma), Pakistan, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Russia (European part, less common in the Far East), Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam.
Africa: Algeria (unconfirmed), Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Morocco (found before 1950s, not established), Mozambique, Nigeria, R‚union, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
North America: Canada (Ontario only), Mexico (Michoacan, Puebla, Sinaloa), USA (including Hawaii).
Central America and Caribbean: Belize, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago.
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela.
Oceania: American Samoa, Australia (Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Autralia), Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Micronesia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Tonga, Vanuatu, Western Samoa.
Separate information is available for race 2 of P. solanacearum which specifically attacks banana, causing Moko disease, a threat to banana production in Mediterranean countries.
EPPO Distribution List: Pseudomonas solanacearum race 2 (Moko disease of banana)
EPPO region: Absent
Asia: India, Sri Lanka, Libya, Malaysia, Philippines
Africa: Sierra Leone, Somalia
Central America and Caribbean: Belize, Costa Rica, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Trinidad and Tobago
North America: Mexico
South America: Argentina, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Paraguay, Suriname, Venezuela
These distribution lists replace all previous published EPPO Distribution Lists on Pseudomonas solanacearum!
EPPO Secretariat (1994-06)