EPPO Distribution List for beet necrotic yellow vein furovirus
Due to the stated absence of beet necrotic yellow vein furovirus (EPPO A2 quarantine pest) from the Czech Republic the distribution of this virus should be changed.
The Polish Plant Protection Service has also provided new information for updating the PQR data base.
EPPO Distribution List: Beet necrotic yellow vein furovirus
In the EPPO region, rhizomania damage was first observed in Italy during the 1950s, in the Po plain and the Adige Valley (Canova, 1959). From 1971 to 1982 it was observed in an increasing number of central and southern European countries: Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Yugoslavia (Koch, 1982). It was also found in most of eastern Europe: Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania, Russia. In 1983, it was discovered further north: Belgium, northern France, Netherlands, Switzerland (Richard-Molard, 1985). The disease is now considered to occur in most sugarbeet-growing countries in the EPPO region. In 1987 (Hill, 1989), a single focus was discovered in eastern England (under eradication); several more foci have been found in the same area of the UK since. The virus is absent from Ireland, and also from the Nordic countries except Sweden, where BNYVV has been reported; however, other soil-borne viruses may be responsible for rhizomania symptoms (Lindsten, 1989).
EPPO region: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Poland (few reports) Romania, Slovakia (Reporting Service 528/02), Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK (very limited distribution; under eradication), Russia, Yugoslavia.
Asia: China, Japan.
North America: USA (California).
This distribution list replaces all previous published EPPO Distribution Lists on beet necrotic yellow vein furovirus!
EPPO Secretariat, Paris (1994-03)