EPPO Distribution List for Xylella fastidiosa
Due to the record of Xylella fastidiosa (EPPO A1 quarantine pest) from Taiwan the distribution of this organism is as follows:
EPPO Distibution List: Xylella fastidiosa
The distribution given is for the grapevine and peach pathogens. As far as is known, X. fastidiosa sensu lato is similarly restricted to the warmer parts of America.
EPPO region: Absent. Unconfirmed interceptions on grapevine material imported from the USA (EPPO Reporting Service 500/02 505/13).
Asia: India (on almonds; Jindal ; Sharma, 1987; this isolated record was the first from the Old World and is based on a test described in the 1970s; it requires confirmation by more modern methods), Taiwan (pear leaf scorch).
North America: Mexico, USA (Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Missouri, North and South Carolina, Texas).
Central America and Caribbean: Costa Rica, probably most countries in Central America.
South America: Argentina, Venezuela (Jimenez, 1985). "Plum leaf scald" recorded in most areas where Prunus salicina is grown in South America (EPPO Reporting Service, 503/08). However, the grapevine disease is not known in South America.
This distribution list replaces all previous published EPPO Distribution Lists on X. fastidiosa !
EPPO Secretariat, Paris (1994-02)