EPPO Distribution List for Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria
Due to the new records of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria in Costa Rica, Guatemala, Nicaragua, US Virgin Islands (EPPO RS 95/161), its confirmation in Poland (EPPO RS 95/135), and to the modifications made by several countries during the validation of geographical data, the geographical distribution of Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria can be modified as follows.
EPPO Distribution List: Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria
Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria occurs widely in tomato- and Capsicum-growing areas in the warmer parts of the world. It is, however, absent from glasshouse production in cooler areas, at least in Europe.
EPPO region: Austria (locally), Belarus (potential EPPO country), Bulgaria (locally), Czech Republic (locally), France (locally), Germany (found but not established), Egypt (potential EPPO country), Greece (widespread), Hungary (widespread), Israel (widespread), Italy (widespread), Morocco (locally), Poland, Romania (widespread), Russia (widespread), Spain, Switzerland (unconfirmed), Tunisia (locally), Turkey (locally), United Kingdom (found but not established), Yugoslavia (widespread). It probably occurs all over the Mediterranean area.
Asia: Azerbaijan, China, India (locally), Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea Democratic People's Republic, Korea Republic, Pakistan, Philippines, Russia, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey (locally).
Africa: Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Morocco (locally), Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Réunion, Senegal, Seychelles, South Africa, Sudan, Togo, Tunisia (locally), Zambia, Zimbabwe.
North America: Bermuda, Canada, Mexico, USA (including Hawaii). Capsicum pathotype 2 is restricted to Florida (USA).
Central America and Caribbean: Barbados, Costa Rica, Cuba (locally), Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, US Virgin Islands.
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile (locally), Colombia, Paraguay, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela.
Oceania: Australia (locally), Fiji, New Zealand (few reports), Micronesia, Palau, Tonga.
This distribution list replaces all previous published EPPO Distribution Lists on Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria !
EPPO Secretariat, 1995-08.