Pests and diseases of Annona in Honduras
The genus Annona is composed of approximately 110 species, but in Central America the cultivated species are mainly: Annona muricata, A. reticulata, A. squamosa, A. ;cherimola and A. diversifolia. The authors pointed out that the limiting factors of the production of Annona species are the lack of specially bred varieties and hybrids, and the lack of knowledge on phytosanitary problems. An inventory of arthropod pests and pathogenic fungi associated with Annona species has been carried out in four localities in south-central Honduras (in the 'departamentos' Morazán and El Paraíso). The following pests species have been recorded:
Acanthocheila armigera, Anadasmus sp., Anastrepha striata, Bephratelloides cubensis, Calloconophora caliginosa, Cerconota anonella, Chrysobothris sp., Corythuca gossypii, Empoasca sp., Jadera coturnix, Membrasis mexicana, Membrasis ventralis, Neosilba, sp., Oligonychus sp., Parasaissetia nigra, Planococcus citri, Platynota sp., Sabulodes, sp., Saissetia oleae, Selenaspidus articulatus, Stenomacra marginella, Thyanta perditor, Toxoptera aurantii, Unaspis citri (EU Annex II/A1). The main pests are: Corythuca gossypii, Calloconophora caliginosa, Membrasis mexicana, Saissetia oleae, Parasaissetia nigra (EU Annex II/A1).
The following pathogenic fungi have also been observed: Botrytis sp., Cercospora anonae, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (which is the main pathogen) and Rhizopus sp.
Granadino, C.A.; Cave, R.D. (1994) [Inventory of arthropods and pathogenic fungi of Annona spp. in four localities in Honduras]
Turrialba, 44 (3), 129-139.