EPPO Distribution List of Toxoptera citricidus
Due to the new records of Toxoptera citricidus (EPPO A1 quarantine pest) in Colombia, Dominica, Nicaragua, Panama (EPPO RS 95/119), in Saint Kitts ; Nevis (EPPO RS 95/034), and in Saint Vincent ; Grenadines (EPPO RS 95/021), the geographical distribution can be modified as follows.
EPPO Distribution List: Toxoptera citricidus
T. citricidus occurs predominantly in humid tropical regions and presumably originated in south-east Asia and spread on citrus plants to other tropical areas. It has also spread to areas of Mediterranean climate (Australia, South Africa, Chile). The pest has been found recently in Madeira (PT) and is under eradication (EPPO RS 95/007).
EPPO region: Absent (supposed records from Cyprus, Italy, Malta and Spain refer to T. aurantii).
Asia: Widespread in south-east Asia; China, India, Indonesia (locally), Iran, Japan, Korea Dem. People's Republic, Korea Republic, Laos, Malaysia (locally) Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.
Africa: Widespread south of the Sahara; Cameroon, Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Réunion, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, St. Helena, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
North America: USA (Hawaii only).
Central America and Caribbean: Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, US Virgin Islands (Saint Thomas and Sainte Croix).
South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela.
Oceania: Australia (New South Wales, South Australia, Queensland, Victoria, Western Australia, Tasmania), Cook Islands, Fiji, New Zealand (North Island), Papua New Guinea, Samoa.
This distribution list replaces all previous published EPPO Distribution Lists on Toxoptera citricidus!
EPPO Secretariat, 1995-05.