EPPO Distribution List for Citrus tristeza closterovirus
Due to the modifications made by countries during the validation of geographical distribution, and the new records of citrus tristeza closterovirus (EPPO A2 quarantine pest) in Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Bermuda (EPPO RS 95/021), Georgia (EPPO RS 95/054), Puerto Rico (EPPO RS 95/034), Bahamas, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico (EPPO RS 95/119), the distribution list can be modified as follows.
EPPO Distribution List: Citrus tristeza closterovirus
CTV is widespread throughout tropical citrus-growing areas. Individual countries where the disease have been found are cited in Bové ; Vogel (1981).
EPPO region: Algeria (potential EPPO country - few reports), Cyprus (few reports), Egypt (potential EPPO country - few reports), France (found in the past in Corsica but did not establish), Greece, Israel (locally), Italy (locally), Morocco (few reports), Spain (locally), Tunisia (eradicated), Turkey (locally), Yugoslavia. An unconfirmed report from Libya (potential EPPO country) is probably a confusion with stubborn disease (EPPO Reporting Service 504/02). In Portugal, two foci have been found very recently in Algarve, and one in Madeira, and are currently under eradication (EPPO RS 95/095).
Asia: Brunei Darussalam (locally), China, Cyprus (few reports), Georgia (locally), India, Indonesia, Israel (locally), Iran, Japan, Jordan (unconfirmed), Korea Republic, Malaysia (locally), Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey (locally), Vietnam, Yemen (unconfirmed).
Africa: Widespread in sub-Saharan Africa. Algeria (few reports), Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Egypt (few reports), Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Libya (unconfirmed), Mauritius, Morocco (few reports), Mozambique, Nigeria, Réunion, South Africa, Tanzania (locally), Tunisia (eradicated), Uganda, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe (few reports).
North America: Bermuda, Mexico, USA (Arizona, California, Florida, Hawaii and Texas).
Central America and Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Belize, Costa Rica (locally), Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago.
South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile (found in the past but not established), Colombia, Ecuador (locally), Guyana, Paraguay (locally), Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela.
Oceania: American Samoa, Australia, Fiji, French Polynesia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Samoa.
This distribution list replaces all previous published EPPO Distribution Lists on Citrus tristeza closterovirus !
EPPO Secretariat, 1995-05