EPPO Distribution List for Ceratitis capitata, C. cosyra and C. rosa
Due to the eradication of Ceratitis capitata in Chile (EPPO RS 96/064), and the modifications made by several EPPO countries during the validation of geographical data, the distribution of C. capitata can be modified as follows. We have also added the geographical distribution for C. cosyra and C. rosa.
EPPO Distribution List: Ceratitis capitata.
C. capitata originates in tropical Africa, from where it has spread to the Mediterranean area and to parts of Central and South America.
EPPO region: Southern part of the EPPO region, i.e. Albania, Algeria (potential EPPO country), Cyprus, Egypt (potential EPPO country), France (locally distributed in south only), Greece (including Crete), Israel, Italy (including Sardegna, Sicilia), Lebanon (potential EPPO country), Libya (potential EPPO country), Malta, Morocco, Portugal (including Azores and Madeira), Slovenia (locally), Spain (including Baleares, Canary Islands), Syria (potential EPPO country), Switzerland (locally), Tunisia, Turkey, Yugoslavia. Records in northern or central Europe refer to interceptions or short-lived adventive populations only (e.g. Austria, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Netherlands, United Kingdom). Found in the past but eradicated in southern Ukraine.
Asia: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, Yemen.
Africa: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde Islands, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar (also the related species C. malgassa Munro), Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Réunion, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, St Helena, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zaire, Zimbabwe.
North America: Bermuda (unconfirmed), Mexico (unconfirmed), USA (only Hawaii; introduced and eradicated several times in California during 1980s; introduced, eradicated and still absent in Florida and Texas).
Central America and Caribbean: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala (locally), Jamaica (unconfirmed), Nicaragua, Netherlands Antilles, Panama. Eradicated from Belize and Puerto Rico.
South America: Argentina (locally), Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador (locally), Honduras, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname (few reports), Uruguay, Venezuela.
Oceania: Australia (Western Australia), Northern Mariana Islands.
EPPO Distribution List: Ceratitis cosyra.
Africa: Cameroon, Comoros, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Seychelles, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe (locally).
EPPO Distribution List: Ceratitis rosa.
Africa: Angola, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Réunion, Rwanda, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe (unconfirmed).
These distribution lists replace all previous published EPPO Distribution Lists on Ceratitis capitata, C. cosyra and C. rosa!
EPPO Secretariat, 1996-04.