EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 03 - 1996 Num. article: 1996/57

Quarantine treatment to control Ceratitis capitata, Bactrocera cucurbitae and B. dorsalis in carambola

A cold quarantine treatment to control eggs and larvae of Ceratitis capitata (EPPO A2 quarantine pest), Bactrocera cucurbitae and B. dorsalis (both EPPO A1 quarantine pests) in carambola (Averrhoa carambola) has been developed in Hawaii (US). The treatment of carambola is the following: cold storage at 1.1 ± 0.6 °C for 12 days. With this treatment the probit 9 quarantine security is ensured. This treatment was approved by USDA-APHIS as a quarantine treatment for Hawaiian carambolas potentially infested with these three species of fruit flies.


Armstrong, J.W.; Silva, S.T.; Shishido, V.M. (1995) Quarantine cold treatment for Hawaiian carambola fruit infested with Mediterranean fruit fly, melon fly, or oriental fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) eggs and larvae.
Journal of Economic Entomology, 88(3), 678-682.