EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 03 - 1996 Num. article: 1996/55

Tomato spotted wilt tospovirus causes a serious disease of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) in Brazil

A new and serious disease of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) was observed in Brazil, in the district of Brasilia. Approximately 5-10 % of the plants grown in this region showed chlorosis, necrosis and malformation of apical leaves. Early infected plants usually developed general chlorosis and stunting, but no pod symptoms. Studies have demonstrated that tomato spotted wilt tospovirus (potential EPPO A2 quarantine pest) was the causal agent of the disease. The authors thought that this is the first report of tomato spotted wilt tospovirus causing a disease of chickpea.


Boiteux, L.S.; De Ávila, A.C.; Giordano, L.B.; Lima, M.I.; Kitajima E.W. (1995) Apical chlorosis disease of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) caused by tomato spotted wilt virus in Brazil.
Journal of Phytopathology, 143(10), 629-631.