EPPO Distribution List for Anthonomus eugenii
The pepper weevil, Anthonomus eugenii (EPPO A1 quarantine pest) is a serious pest of sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum) in Central America and the southern USA, which can also attack C. frutescens, aubergines and wild species of Capsicum and Solanum. By browsing through Web sites, the EPPO Secretariat has noted that some countries were omitted in its distribution list.
A. eugenii occurs in Costa Rica (Coto, 1996). In 1995, serious outbreaks were reported from pepper production areas of northern Costa Rica (in Alajuela and Heredia) (McDonald, 1997).
In USA, A. eugenii also occurs in Hawaii (Riley, 1997; Web site of University of Hawaii), it may also be found occasionally in North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia, but these infestations generally result when weevils are inadvertently transported on plants with small fruits or picking sacks from other infested areas (Sorensen ; Baker, 1994).
EPPO Distribution List: Anthonomus eugenii
EPPO region: Absent.
North America: Canada (two incidents in British Columbia, one in a retail outlet, one in a glasshouse, both eradicated), Mexico (especially in north), USA (Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Louisiana, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas).
Central America and Caribbean: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Puerto Rico.
Sorensen, K.A.; Baker, J.R. (Eds) (1994) Insects and related pests of vegetables. Some important, common, and potential pests in the southeastern United States. p 102-103.
Most of the content of this book is also available on the Web:
Web Sites on INTERNET (pictures can be viewed on many of them)
McDonald, R.S. (1997) An Integrated Pest Management System in commercial Tabasco pepper for the pepper weevil, Anthonomus eugenii Cano (Coleoptera: Cucurlionidae) in Costa Rica.
Coto, D. (1996) Hoja Tecnica. El Picudo del Chile (Anthonomus eugenii Cano) su reconocimiento y posible manejo.
Riley, D.G. (1997) The pepper weevil and its management. Texas Agricultural Extension Service.
Farmer’s Bookshelf. An information system of crops in Hawaii. Department of Horticulture. University of Hawaii at Manoa.