Detailed situation of Erwinia amylovora in Croatia in 1999
The NPPO of Croatia has recently informed the EPPO Secretariat of the situation of Erwinia amylovora (EPPO A2 quarantine pest) in 1999. Fireblight was first found in Croatia in 1995 in the eastern part of the country in Osije¹ko-baranjska county and Vukovarsko-srijemska county (see EPPO RS 96/004). The disease then spread towards the west in 3 other counties: Brodsko-posavska, Poûeëko-slavonska and Viroviti¹ko-podravska. Eradication measures were taken to limit the spread of the disease. Regular monitoring programmes and official control measures were conducted. In 1998, a ‘phytosanitary corridor’ of 10 km large (buffer zone) was established, including the north, middle and south part of the region of Slavonia. In 1999, the official monitoring programme started in spring and continued throughout the growing season. Results showed that the disease did not spread towards the east frontline of this buffer zone nor into the buffer zone. In the eastern part of the country where fireblight is already present, control measures were applied using the Maryblyt predictive model. Fruit growers were also informed, through seminars, of disease symptoms and necessary prophylactic measures. Due to these prophylactic measures and the adverse weather conditions, no symptoms of fireblight were seen in 1999 during the monitoring programme.
NPPO of Croatia, 2000-04.