EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 06 - 2014 Num. article: 2014/115

Citrus leprosis virus cytoplasmic type 2: a new virus associated with citrus leprosis

Citrus leprosis (EU Annexes) is an important disease of citrus in South and Central America which is associated with two types of virions: one found in the cytoplasm (Citrus leprosis virus cytoplasmic type CiLV-C) and another one in the nucleus (Citrus leprosis virus nuclear type CiLV-N). CiLV-N is restricted to the states of São Paulo, Rio Grande do Sul and Minas Gerais in Brazil and Boquete district in Panama, whereas CiLV-C has been spreading rapidly in South and Central America. In Colombia, symptoms resembling those of citrus leprosis were observed in multiple locations but CiLV-C could not be detected in affected plants. Recent molecular studies have indicated that a new virus closely related to CiLV-C and belonging to the genus Cilevirus was present in diseased plants. This new virus was tentatively called Citrus leprosis virus cytoplasmic type 2 (CiLV-C2).CILV00


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