First report of Citrus tristeza virus in Bosnia and Herzegovina
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the citrus-growing area is small (approximately 6 ha) and limited to the river Neretva valley, close to the Adriatic coastal region. Mandarins (Citrus reticulata) and lemons (C. limon) grafted on trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata) are the most cultivated species. In June 2012, 25 samples were collected from 25 citrus trees (C. reticulata, C. aurantium, C. limon, C. sinensis, P. trifoliata, Fortunella margarita) in several commercial citrus orchards and one nursery, located in Mostar, Čapljina, and Ljubuški. 10 of the 25 citrus trees exhibited leaf chlorosis, whereas all others were symptomless. Serological and molecular tests confirmed the occurrence of Citrus tristeza virus (Closterovirus, CTV – EPPO A2 List) in 14 out of the 25 tested samples. Although a very small number of samples were tested in this study, CTV appears to be widely distributed in the citrus orchards of the country as CTV was found at all inspected locations of the Herzegovina region. This is the first time that CTV is reported from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The situation of Citrus tristeza virus in Bosnia and Herzegovina can be described as follows: Present, first found in 2012 in Herzegovina region.
Delić D, Afechtal M, Djelouah K, Lolić B, Karačić A (2013) First report of Citrus tristeza virus in citrus orchards in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Plant Disease 97(12), p 1665.