First report of Meloidogyne ethiopica in Turkey
In Turkey, during a routine survey for root-knot nematodes of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) and cucumber crops (Cucumis sativus), severe stunting, leaf wilting and extensive root galling were detected in summer 2009. These symptoms were observed in 2 tomato greenhouses of the University of Ondokuz Mayıs (Samsun) and in several commercial cucumber greenhouses in Çarşamba district (Samsun province). Laboratory studies (morphology, esterase patterns, sequencing) of Meloidogyne female specimens collected from infested roots confirmed the presence of Meloidogyne ethiopica (EPPO Alert List). It is noted that M. ethiopica may pose a threat for Turkish vegetable production since it has a wide host range, and that further studies are needed to determine its distribution in Turkey. This is the first report of M. ethiopica in Turkey.
The situation of Meloidogyne ethiopica in Turkey can be described as follows: Present, first found in 2009 on tomato and cucumber crops in the province of Samsun.
Aydınlı G, Mennan S, Devran Z, Širca S, Urek G (2013) First report of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne ethiopica on tomato and cucumber in Turkey. Plant Disease 97(9), p 1262.