First report of Erwinia amylovora in Estonia
In Estonia, an outbreak of Erwinia amylovora (EPPO A2 List) was detected for the first time in May 2012 on a Pyrus communis tree located in a private garden, in the county of Viljandi. A survey subsequently detected the bacterium in 5 additional samples which had been collected from a nursery (2 samples), an orchard (1 sample), and private gardens (2 samples). Eradication measures were taken, all infected plants and potential host plants located in their vicinity were destroyed (i.e. approximately 37;000 plants in the nursery, all host trees of the 15 ha orchard). All outbreak sites from 2012 are being kept under close surveillance but no new outbreaks were detected in 2013.
The situation of Erwinia amylovora in Estonia can be described as follows: Present, first found in 2012 in a small number of samples, under eradication.
Presentation made at the EPPO Council Colloquium on contingency planning (Bykovo, RU, 2013-09-19). http://archives.eppo.int/MEETINGS/2013_conferences/council_colloquium.htm
Estonian Agricultural Board. Plant Health Department. Press release of 2012-07-17 (in Estonian). http://www.pma.agri.ee/index.php?id=95;y=2012;nID=73