Trichoferus campestris is spreading in the EPPO region
Trichoferus (=Hesperophanes) campestris (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae – EPPO A2 List) is a wood-boring insect which originates from Asia (including a large part of Russia). It develops in broadleaved trees, including fruit crops (e.g. Malus) and a wide range of forest and amenity trees (e.g. Betula, Broussonetia, Gleditsia, Salix, Sorbus). In addition, T. campestris has been reported to develop in dry wood, both hardwood and conifer wood (Abies, Picea, Pinus). A picture of the adult can be viewed on the Internet: http://www.zin.ru/animalia/coleoptera/eng/tricamms.htm
Scientific literature indicates that T. campestris is currently spreading in Central and Eastern Europe from East to West, probably starting from the Southeastern part of European Russia where it was recorded in the 1980s. For the moment, only isolated findings (mainly trapped specimens) are reported, and no particular damage is observed. Interceptions of T. campestris have been made in the EPPO region on wood packing material imported from China. Although, there is currently no clear indication of damage caused by T. campestris to living trees in the EPPO region, this insect is obviously spreading, probably as a combination of natural and human-assisted spread, it thus seems wise to pay more attention to this species in surveillance programmes and import inspections.
- Czech Republic: several specimens of T. campestris were recorded in the 2 following localities in Moravia.
- Otrokovice: 1 female was found in August 2006 in a store of the Barum company (tyre manufacturer) on wooden pallets imported from Russia, and several specimens were collected and reared from cut birch firewood in 2009.
- Olomouc: 1 specimen was captured on the uprooted and drying stem of a Gleditsia triachanthos tree in a park in 2008.
- Hungary: T. campestris was reported for the first time in 2010 (no further details).
- Moldova: several specimens were collected in 2003, 2004, and 2008 from various localities (Ivanchya and Ketrosu villages).
- Poland: the first specimens were collected in 2009 (no further details).
- Romania: the first specimen was collected in 2003. The occurrence of T. campestris was then confirmed in Southern and Eastern Romania, as several specimens were collected from different localities s (e.g. Agigea, Bucureşti, Craiova, Iaşi, Iveşti).
- Slovakia: 1 specimen was found near Štúrovo in 2007.
- Ukraine: T. campestris was first collected from Eastern Ukraine in 1998, but was correctly identified only in 2006. Other specimens were then found in the following localities: Donetsk, Dyakove, Evpatoria, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kharkiv, Odessa, Sevastopol, as well as from the Natural reserve ‘Kam’yani Mohyly’ and the National Park ‘Homilshanski Lisy’.
Interestingly in North America, T. campestris has been intercepted regularly in Canadian and US ports. For example, at the Port of Vancouver (CA) numerous adults, larvae and pupae have been intercepted on wooden dunnage in containers arriving from China (including Hong-Kong). Occasional findings of T. campestris have also been made in both Canada and the USA, but for the moment no particular damage has been reported on living trees.
- Canada: 2 specimens of T. campestris were first collected in Repentigny, near Montreal (Québec) in 2002 and 2006. These specimens were found on a window screen in a residential area. However, follow up surveys with light traps did not detect additional beetles. In 2012, live adults and larvae of T. campestris were extracted from a log taken from a dying Norway maple tree (Acer platanoides) in Mississauga, Ontario.
- USA: T. campestris has been detected in small numbers in several states. In New Jersey, a small localized infestation occurred in 1997 in a storage site in the city of New Brunswick, but was later eradicated. In Minnesota, a single adult beetle was trapped in June 2010 in an industrial area in Minneapolis; it is not known whether the pest has been able to establish in this area. In Ohio, its presence was noticed in 2009 and 2010. In Illinois, T. campestris was first found in 2009 near O’Hare airport and in the county of Crawford where it was captured near a pallet manufacturer. Intensive trapping was conducted in 2011 and 2012 in state parks, forests, natural areas, but the insect was not caught again. In Utah, the insect was detected in South Salt Lake City in 2010, and again in 2012 in Murray City.
Bullas-Appleton E, Kimoto T, Turgeon J (2013) Discovery of Trichoferus campestris (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in Ontario, Canada and first host record in North America. The Canadian Entomologist, 1-6. doi: 10.4039/tce.2013.61.
Chyubchik VY (2010) The annotated list of longicorn-beetles (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) of Central Moldova. Russian Entomological Journal 19(2), 111-118.
Dascălu MM, Serafim R (2011) Trichoferus campestris (Faldermann, 1835): an alien longhorn beetle in Romania. Proceedings of the Annual Zoological Congress of ‘Grigore Antipa’ Museum (Bucarest, 2011-11-23/25), p 103.
Grebennikov VV, Gill BD, Neatby KW, Vigneault R (2010) Trichoferus campestris (Faldermann) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) an Asian wood-boring beetle recorded in North America. The Coleopterists Bulletin 64(1), 13-20.
Hegyessy G, Kutasi C (2010) Trichoferus species new to Hungary (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Folia Entomologica Hungarica 71, 35-41 (abst.).
Kruszelnicki L (2010) [Trichoferus campestris (Faldermann, 1835) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in Poland]. Acta entomologica silesiana 18, 39-40 (in Polish).
Sabol O (2009) [Trichoferus campestris (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) – a new species of longhorn beetle for the Czech Republic and Slovakia]. Klapalekiana 45, 199-201 (in Czech).
Zamoroka AM, Panin RY (2011) Recent records of rare and new for Ukrainian Carpathians species of longhorn beetles (Insecta: Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) with notes on their distribution. Munis Entomology and Zoology 6(1), 155-165.
Cooperative Agricultural Pest Survey (CAPS) Exotic Wood Borer/Bark Beetle. Survey Reference. http://caps.ceris.purdue.edu/webfm_send/1973
Illinois Natural Resources. 2012 Illinois Forest Health Highlights. http://fhm.fs.fed.us/fhh/fhh_12/IL_FHH_2012.pdf
Minnesota Department of Agriculture. Chinese longhorned beetle. Invasive Pest Alert. https://www.mda.state.mn.us/plants/insects/clhbeetle.aspx
Utah Department of Agriculture and Food. 2012 Utah agriculture statistics and Utah Department of Agriculture and Food Annual Report. http://ag.utah.gov/documents/AnnualReport.pdf
Utah State University – Extension. 2010 Wood Boring and Bark Beetle Detection Survey Final Report by CA Stanley-Vorel, C Burfitt ; R Davis. http://utahpests.usu.edu/caps/files/uploads/10-CAPS-WbbbSurveyReport.pdf