EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 09 - 2013 Num. article: 2013/191

Quarantine treatment of avocadoes against Bactrocera invadens

Studies conducted in Kenya have showed that a cold treatment of ‘Hass’ avocado (Persea americana) could eliminate Bactrocera invadens (Diptera: Tephritidae – EPPO A1 List) in infested fruit. It was found that a continuous cold treatment at 1.5°C (or lower) for 18 days provided sufficient phytosanitary security.


Ware AB, du Toit CLN, Mohamed SA, Nderitu PW, Ekasi S (2012) Cold tolerance and disinfection of Bactrocera invadens (Diptera: Tephritidae) in ‘Hass’ avocado. Journal of Economic Entomology 105(6), 1963-1970.