EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 04 - 2013 Num. article: 2013/090

Update on the world distribution of Asparagus asparagoides

Asparagus asparagoides (Asparagaceae) is registered on the EPPO Alert List. Its distribution in the EPPO region has been reviewed and is as follows:

EPPO Region: France (including Corse), Italy (Sicilia), Malta, Morocco, Portugal (Azores, Madeira), Spain (including Islas Canarias), Tunisia.

Note: in France, A. asparagoides is present in the Alpes-Maritimes and Var departments. Alziar ; Salanon (1996) consider the species as invasive in the Var department in Mont Boron (near Nice) and in the Esterel mountain range although its behavior there seems to be less invasive. In Corse, the species is present in Ajaccio near the Scudo quaries and at the junction of the roads D.111 and D.111b, where about 1400 to 1800 individual plants were observed in 2002. The species is also present in the île Rousse and 2 km South-west of the île Rousse (Paradis ; Piaza, 2004).
In Sicilia, Parlatore (1858) indicated that the species was established in bushland near Palermo and at 'Firriatu di Villafranca'. According to Gianiantonio Domina (University of Palermo, pers. comm., 2013), Asparagus asparagoides populations in Sicilia are stable. The species is casual in Sardinia.
In Malta, A. asparagoides is recorded by Borg (1927) who states that it is established in the surroundings of San Antonio Gardens, Casa Leoni and Buskett. According to Lanfranco (2005) its cultivation has declined considerably but it still grows at the gardens of the Verdala Palace adjacent to Buskett.
In Spain the species has been found in Burjassot, L'Eixereta, near Valencia (GBIF Portal).
In Tunisia, A. asparagoides is recorded in Borj Cedria and in Soukra (Le Floc'h et al., 2010).

The species had erroneously been indicated as present in Slovenia (from an incorrect interpretation of Jogan, 2005).

Africa (native): Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe.

North America: Mexico, USA (California, Hawaii (East Maui)).

South and Central America: Argentina, Guatemala, Uruguay.

Oceania: Australia (New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia), New Zealand.


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