EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 04 - 2013 Num. article: 2013/089

Invasive alien plants in Finland


On the 15th of March 2012, the Finish government adopted a Resolution on Finland’s National Strategy on Invasive Alien Species, at the proposal of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry.
In the framework of this strategy, a list of invasive alien plants and a list of potentially invasive alien plants for Finland have been elaborated. These lists are provided below, with the origin of the species according to USDA/GRIN and their situation in the EPPO region according to the CABI, DAISIE and NOBANIS databases.
The list of invasive alien plants for Finland is composed of the following species:

Species
Origin
Situation in the EPPO region
Amelanchier spicata (Rosaceae, EPPO List of Invasive Alien Plants)
N-Am.
AT, BE, BG, CZ, DK, DE, EE, FI, FR, GB, LV, LT, NL, NO, PL, RU, SE, UA
Aster x salignus (Asteraceae)
Horticulture hybrid
Widespread
Avena fatua (Poaceae)
Af., As., Eur.
Native in part of the EPPO region
Calystegia sepium (Convolvulaceae)
Cosmop.
Native in part of the EPPO region, established in CZ, DK, DE, FI, FR, GB, IE, NO, SE
Elodea canadensis (Hydrocharitaceae)
N-Am.
Widespread
Epilobium ciliatum (Onagraceae)
As. Temp, N-Am, S- Am.
Widespread
Fallopia japonica (Polygonaceae, EPPO List of IAP)
As. Temp.
Widespread
Fallopia sachalinensis (Polygonaceae, EPPO List of IAP)
As. Temp.
Widespread
Fallopia x bohemica (Polygonaceae, EPPO List of IAP)
Hybrid
Widespread
Galium album (Rubiaceae)
Eur.
Native in part of the EPPO region, established in DK, FI, NO, SE
Galium x pomeranicum (Rubiaceae)
Hybrid
Not recorded
Glyceria maxima (Poaceae)
As. Temp, Eur.
Native in part of the EPPO region, established in FI, FO, IE, NO, SE
Heracleum persicum (Apiaceae, EPPO A2 List)
Middle East
DK, EE, FI, NO, SE
Heracleum mantegazzianum (Apiaceae, EPPO List of IAP)
Caucasus
Widespread
Heracleum sosnowskyi (Apiaceae, EPPO A2 List)
Caucasus
Native in AM, GE, RU, TR established in AZ, BY, EE, DE, HU, LV, LT, PL, RU, TR, UA
Impatiens capensis (Balsaminaceae)
N-Am.
DE, DK, FI, FR, GB, NL, PL
Impatiens glandulifera (Balsaminaceae, EPPO List of IAP)
As. Trop.
Widespread
Impatiens parviflora (Balsaminaceae)
As. Temp.
Widespread
Lupinus polyphyllus (Fabaceae, EPPO Observation List of IAP)
N-Am.
Widespread
Petasites hybridus (Asteraceae)
As. Temp., Eur.
Native in part of the EPPO region, established in DK, EE, FI, LV, LT, NO, SE
Rorippa sylvestris (Brassicaceae)
As., Eur.
Native in part of the EPPO region, established in FI, NO, SE
Rosa rugosa (Rosaceae)
As.
Widespread
Sambucus racemosa (Adoxaceae)
As. Temp., Eur., N-Am.
Native in part of the EPPO region, established in DK, EE, FI, GB, LV, LT, NO, RU, SE
Solidago altissima (Asteraceae)
N-Am.
RU
Solidago canadensis (Asteraceae, EPPO List of IAP)
N-Am.
Widespread
Solidago gigantea (Asteraceae, EPPO List of IAP)
N-Am.
Widespread

The list of potentially invasive alien plants for Finland is composed of the following species:

Species
Origin
Situation in the EPPO region
Abies balsamea (Pinaceae)
N-Am.
FI, LV, SE
Abies sibirica (Pinaceae)
As. Temp., Eur.
Native in part of the EPPO region, established in EE, FI, SE
Acer pseudoplatanus (Sapindaceae)
As. Temp., Eur.
Native in part of the EPPO region, widely established in BE, BY, DE, DK, EE, FI, GB, IE, LV, LT, MT, NL, NO, PT, RU, SE, UA
Alopecurus myosuroides (Poaceae)
Af., As. Temp. and Trop., Eur.
Native in part of the EPPO region, established in CZ, DE, DK, EE, GB, SE, SI, SK
Amaranthus retroflexus (Chenopodiaceae)
N-Am.
Widespread
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (Asteraceae, EPPO List of IAP)
N-Am.
Widespread
Anagallis arvensis (Primulaceae)
Af., As. Temp and Trop., Eur.
Native in part of the EPPO region, established in CZ, DK, GB, NO, SE
Bromus sterilis (Poaceae)
Af., As. Temp., Eur.
Native in part of the EPPO region, established in CZ, DE, DK, EE, GB, LT, SE
Ceratophyllum submersum (Ceratophyllaceae)
Af.
FI, SE
Conyza canadensis (Asteraceae)
N-Am.
Widespread
Cornus alba subsp. alba (Cornaceae)
N-Am.
DK, FI
Cornus alba subsp. stolonifera (Cornaceae)
N-Am.
DK, FI
Echinochloa crus-galli (Poaceae)
Cosmop.
Widespread
Elodea nuttallii (Hydrocharitaceae, EPPO List of IAP)
N-Am.
Widespread
Galega orientalis (Fabaceae)
As. Temp.
DK, EE, FI, LV, SE
Leymus innovatus (Poaceae)
N-Am.
SE
Lupinus nootkatensis (Fabaceae)
N-Am.
FI, NO, SE
Lysichiton americanus (Araceae, EPPO Observation list of IAP)
N-Am.
BE, CH, DK, DE, FI, FR, GB, IE, NL, NO, SE
Malus domestica (Rosaceae)
As.
Widespread
Nymphoides peltata (Menyanthaceae)
As. Temp. and Trop., Eur.
Native in part of the EPPO region, established in CH, DK, IE, SE
Papaver rhoeas (Papaveraceae)
Af., As. Temp. and Trop., Eur.
Native in part of the EPPO region, established in CZ, DK, EE, LV, SE
Petasites japonicus subsp. giganteus (Asteraceae)
As. Temp.
?
Poa chaixii (Poaceae)
Asia Temp., Eur.
Native in part of the EPPO region, established in DK, FI, GB, IE, LV, LT, NL, NO, SE
Prunus pensylvanica (Rosaceae)
N-Am.
FI, GB
Thuja plicata (Cupressaceae)
N-Am.
AT, DK, EE, GB, NL, NO, SE
Senecio cannabifolius (Asteraceae)
N-Am.
SE
Setaria pumila (Poaceae)
Cosmop.
BE, CZ, DE, DK, ES, NL, PT (Azores, Madeira)
Setaria viridis (Poaceae)
Af., As temp. and trop., Eur.
Native in part of the EPPO region, established in BY, DK, FI, NO, RU, SK, TN
Sorbaria sorbifolia (Rosaceae)
As. Temp.
BE, CZ, DK, EE, FI, FR, GB, IT, LV, LT, NO, PL, SE
Symphytum officinale (Boraginaceae)
As. Temp., Eur.
Native in part of the EPPO region, established in DK, FI, NO, SE
Symphytum bohemicum (Boraginaceae)
As. Temp., Eur.
Native in part of the EPPO region, established in DK, FI, NO, SE
Symphytum x uplandicum (Boraginaceae)
Horticulture hybrid
CZ, DE, DK, FI, FR, GB, IE, LT, NL, NO, PT (Azores), SE

The EPPO Secretariat notes that some invasive alien plants such as Ceratophyllum submersum, Leymus innovatus, Lupinus nootkatensis, Prunus pensylvanica and Senecio cannabifolius, which are alien to the EPPO region and still of limited distribution, may represent emerging invasive alien plants for the EPPO region.

Sources

CABI – Invasive Species Compendium.
http://www.cabi.org/isc

DAISIE - Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe.
http://www.europe-aliens.org

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Alien species in Finland.
http://www.mmm.fi/en/index/frontpage/natural_resources/invasive_alien_species.html

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry (2012) Finland’s National Strategy on Invasive Alien Species. 126 pp.
http://www.mmm.fi/attachments/ymparisto/vieraslajiseminaari9.12.2009/6AEAkMHw5/Finlands_national_strategy_on_invasive_alien_species.pdf

NOBANIS – European Network on Invasive Alien Species.
http://www.nobanis.org

United States Department of Agriculture, Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).
http://www.ars-grin.gov