Erwinia amylovora present in Russia
Until recently, fireblight (Erwinia amylovora – EPPO A2 List) was not known to occur in Russia. According to Aleksandrov (2009), E. amylovora was confirmed for the first time in Russia in 2003 on a symptomatic sample of hawthorn (Crataegus sp.) from Kaliningrad (Central Russia). In 2008, E. amylovora was recorded on apple and pear orchards, as well as on wild pear in the Voronezh region. In the following years, more outbreaks of fireblight were detected in other parts of Central Russia (Lipetsk, Tambov) and Southern Russia (Belgorod, Karachaevo-Cherkessia, Samara, Saratov, Stavropol, Volgograd). Official control measures are taken against the disease.
The situation of Erwinia amylovora in Russia can be described as follows: Present, first detected in 2003, outbreaks found in Central Russia (Kaliningrad, Lipetsk, Tambov) and Southern Russia (Belgorod, Karachaevo-Cherkessia, Samara, Saratov, Stavropol, Volgograd, Voronezh), under official control.
Aleksandrov IN (2009) [Fire blight of fruit crops in the Russian Federation. A historical note]. Zashchita i Karantin Rastenii 12, 26-29 (in Russian).
Kharchenko AA (2009) [Fire blight in the Voronezh region]. Zashchita i Karantin Rastenii 5, 34-35 (in Russian).
- Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary Surveillance of the Republic of Tatarstan. http://shn.tatarstan.ru/rus/rospredupr/bakogog.html
- All-Union Plant Quarantine Institute (VNIIKR)