First report of Carpomya incompleta in France
In mid-July 2012, the presence of Carpomya incompleta (Diptera: Tephritidae) on jujube was observed for the first time in France. This fruit fly was found in a commercial crop of jujube (Ziziphus jujuba cv. ‘Sultane’) in region Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur. The grower had noticed unusual damage. Insect larvae were reared in the laboratory (ANSES) and resulting adults were identified as C. incompleta. In the infested jujube orchard (1.2 ha), only minor damage was observed during summer (pictures can be viewed in the EPPO gallery: http://photos.eppo.org/index.php/album/616-carpomya-incompleta-caryin-). No official control measures were taken against C. incompleta.
The pest status of Carpomya incompleta in France is officially declared as: Present, only in some areas where the host crop is grown.
EPPO note: C. incompleta is a monophagous species feeding on Ziziphus spp. which occurs in Africa and the Mediterranean Basin. According to the literature, its geographical distribution is as follows:
EPPO region: Egypt, Israel, Italy (recorded since 1853), France (see above).
Africa: Burkina Faso, Egypt, Ethiopia, Niger, Sudan.
Asia: Iraq, Israel, United Arab Emirates.
NPPO of France (2012-09).