New data on quarantine pests and pests of the EPPO Alert List
By browsing through the literature, the EPPO Secretariat has extracted the following new data concerning quarantine pests and pests included on the EPPO Alert List. The situation of the pest concerned is indicated in bold, using the terms of ISPM no. 8.
- New geographical records
During surveys carried out in 1996-2000 in the central zone of Chile- on production and propagation material of grapevine, Cherry leaf roll nepovirus (EPPO A2 list) was detected in 0.2% of the tested samples (Herrera & Madariaga, 2001). Present, detected in the central zone with a low incidence.
Phaeoramularia angolensis (EPPO A1 quarantine pest) occurs in northwest Ethiopia. It was detected in 11 of the 18 districts studied and severity reached 68% on leaves and 97% on citrus fruits (Dessalegn & Girma, 2002). Present, found in northwest Ethiopia.
Investigations carried out in orchards and fruit tree collections in different regions of Iran revealed the presence of Plum pox potyvirus (EPPO A2 quarantine pest). (Buntsevich et al., 2001). Present, no details.
Raspberry ringspot nepovirus (EPPO A2 quarantine pest) has been isolated from one sample of Japanese anemone (Anemone hupehensis var. japonica x A. vitifolia) from a nursery in north western Italy (Lisa et al., 2002). Present, found on 1 sample of anemone.
Stenocarpella maydis (EPPO A2 quarantine pest) was found during surveys on the major diseases of maize carried out in Ethiopia from 1991 to 2000 (Tilahun et al., 2001). Present, no details.
- Detailed records
Cryphonectria parasitica (EPPO A2 quarantine pest) was found in street chestnuts (Castanea sativa) in Zuid-Limburg, Netherlands in November 2001. An earlier infection had occurred in 1995 (Anonymous, 2002).
Citrus tatter leaf capillovirus (EPPO A1 quarantine pest) occurs in citrus-growing regions of Fujian Province, China (Wu Rujian & Ke Chong, 2002).
In Mexico, Tomato spotted wilt tospovirus (EPPO A2 quarantine pest) was detected on tomatillo (Physalis ixocarpa) in the states of México, Puebla and Morelos (Torre-Almará et al., 2002).
Synchytrium endobioticum (EPPO A2 quarantine pest) occurs in Volgograd region, Russia (Demchenko, 2001).
Anonymous (2002) [Canker of sweet chestnut]. Gewasbescherming, Netherlands Plantenziektenkundige Dienst, Wageningen, 33(2), p 79.
[Review of Plant Pathology 81(12), December 2002, abst. 12380, p 1805].
Buntsevich, L.L.; Omidallakh, A.; Mutisher, B.; Nankali, A. [Virus and phytoplasma disease in fruit crops in Iran.]. (2001) Zashchita i Karantin Rastenii, no. 4, p 32-33.
[Review of Plant Pathology 81(9), September 2002, abst. 8447, p 1199].
Demchenko, V.I. (2001) [Activities and plans of Volgograd quarantine Inspectorate.] Zashchita i Karantin Rastenii, no. 6, p 9.
[Review of Plant Pathology 81(9), September 2002, abst. 8410, p 1192].
Dessalegn, Y.; Girma, G. (2002) Phaeoramularia angolensis: a citrus disease in Northwest Ethiopia. AgriTopia, 17(1), 12-13.
[Review of Plant Pathology 81(9), September 2002, abst. 8614, p 1226].
Herrera, M.; Madariaga, V.M. (2001) [Presence and incidence of grapevine viruses in the central zone of Chile.] Agricultura Técnica, 61(4), 393-400.
[Review of Plant Pathology 81(9), September 2002, abst. 8532, p 1213].
Lisa, V.; Vaira, A.M.; Milne, R.G.; Masenga, V.; Lesemann, D.E. (2002) Virus diseases of Japanese anemone. Acta Horticulturae, no. 568, 185-191.
[Review of Plant Pathology 81(10), October 2002, abst. 10074, p 1445].
Tilahun, T.; Ayana, G.; Abebe, F.; Wegary, D. (2001) Maize pathology in Ethiopia: a review. In: Enhancing the contribution of maize to food security in Ethiopia. Proceedings of the 2nd National Maize Workshop of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa; Ethiopia, 2001-11-12/16.
[Review of Plant Pathology 81(10), October 2002, abst. 9420, p 1350].
Torre-Almaráz, R. de la; Cervantes-Díaz, L.; Houston, H.A.; Valverde, R. (2002) Phenotypic variation of some Mexican isolates of tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV). Agrociencia (Montecillo), 36(2), 211-221.
[Review of Plant Pathology 81(10), October 2002, abst. 9984, p 1432].
Wu Rujian; Ke Chong (2002) [Reaction of citrus to the co-infection by the citrus Huanglongbing pathogen with other viruses.] Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 15(4), 12-16.
[Review of Plant Pathology 81(9), September 2002, abst. 8591, p 1223].