New data on quarantine pests and pests of the EPPO Alert List
By browsing through the literature, the EPPO Secretariat has extracted the following new data concerning quarantine pests and pests included on the EPPO Alert List. The situation of the pest concerned is indicated in bold, using the terms of ISPM no. 8.
- New geographical records
Specimens of Globodera rostochiensis (EPPO A2 list) were found in potato roots at Jadognja (Krupanj) and Ponikve (Užice), in soil samples at Aljinovići (Prijepolje) and in storehouse potato debris at Kušići. This is considered as the first record of G. rostochiensis in Serbia and Montenegro (Krnjaić et al., 2002). Present, first reported in 2002 in the west part of the country.
In India, Heterodera glycines (EPPO A2 list, also on the EPPO Alert List) was identified on soil samples collected from soybean fields in Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh. This is the first report of H. glycines in India (Kaushal et al., 2002). Present, first reported in 2002 in Madhya Pradesh.
Meloidogyne fallax (EPPO A2 list) is reported for the first time in South Africa (Fourie et al., 2001). This confirms earlier reports. Present, no details.
Radopholus similis occurs on banana in Burkina Faso (Sawadogo et al., 2001). Present, no details.
In 2003, a breeding company submitted samples of tomato originating from Indonesia for diagnosis. Diseased samples had been collected both from field and protected crops, and showed severe chlorosis. RT-PCR revealed the presence of Tomato infections chlorosis crinivirus (EPPO Alert List). This is the first report of this virus in Indonesia (Verhoeven et al., 2003). Present, no details.
- Detailed records
In Finland, Impatiens necrotic spot tospovirus (EPPO A2 list) was found in June 2003 in Begonia pot plants. Eradication measures (destruction of plants and appropriate treatment) have been taken (NPPO of FI, 2003).
In Argentina, Nacobbus aberrans (EPPO A1 list) was found in Río Negro and Santa Fe provinces for the first time (Chaves & Torres, 2001).
Studies were done in 2001 on the incidence of Tomato yellow leaf curl begomovirus (TYLCV) and Tomato yellow leaf curl Sardinia begomovirus (TYLCV-Sar – both on the EPPO A2 list) in tomato crops in Comunidad Valenciana, Spain. TYLCV was found in all tomato-growing areas whereas TYLCV-Sar was only detected in 2 plants near Elche, in the south of Comunidad Valenciana (Rubio et al., 2002).
Chaves, E.; Torres, M.S. (2001) [Potato parasitic nematodes in the seed potato producing areas of Argentina.] Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía (Universidad de Buenos Aires), 21(3), 245-259. In: Nematological Abstracts 72(1), March 2003, abst. 85, p 12.
Fourier, H.; Zijlstra, C.; McDonald, A.H. (2001) Identification of root-knot nematode species occuring in South Africa using the SCAR-PCR technique. Nematology, 3(7), 675-680. In: Nematological Abstracts 71(3), September 2002, abst. 1335, p 193.
Kaushal, K.K.; Tiwari, S.P.; Uma Rao (2002) Heterodera glycines in India – first report.
Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 10(2), p 410. In: Nematological Abstracts 72(1), March 2003, abst. 497, p 73.
Krnjaić, D.; Lamberti, F.; Krnjaić, S.; Bačić, J.; Ćalić, R. (2002) First report of the potato cyst nematode (Globodera rostochiensis) in Yugoslavia. Nematologia Mediterranea, 30(1), 11-12. In: Nematological Abstracts 71(4), December 2002, abst. 1541, p 224.
Rubio, L.; Font, I.; Jordá, C.; Serra, J.; Duran, N.; Moreno, P.; Guerri, J. (2002) Incidencia de los virus del rizado amarillo del tomate en cultivos de tomate de la Comunidad Valenciana, España. Boletín de Sanidad Vegetal – Plagas, 28(4), 599-607.
Sawadogo, A.; Thio, B.; Konate, Y.R.; Kiemde, S. (2001) Parasite nematodes of banana in western Burkina Faso. Infomusa, 10(2), 28-29. In: Nematological Abstracts 71(4), December 2002, abst. 1560, p 226.
Verhoeven, J.T.J.; Willemen, T.M.; Roenhorst, J.W.; van der Vlugt, R.A.A. (2003) First report of Tomato infectious chlorosis virus in tomato in Indonesia. Plant Disease, 87(7), p 872.
NPPO of Finland, 2003-07-07.