Automatic optical sorting can be used to detect wheat kernels infected with Tilletia indica
High-speed optical sorters were tested successfully to detect wheat kernels infected by Tilletia indica (EPPO A1 quarantine pest) in seed lots. Samples of 1,800 g are sorted in less than 1 minute, and optical sorters can process up to 8,800 kg/h. These optical sorters can be used to detect infection in wheat samples and help phytosanitary inspections and they can also be used to remove bunted kernels from large lots of wheat seeds.
Dowell, F.E.; Boratynski, T.N.; Ykema, R.E.; Dowdy, A.K.; Staten, R.T. (2002) Use of optical sorting to detect wheat kernels infected with Tilletia indica.
Plant Disease, 86(9), 1011-1013.