Phytoplasmas of fruit trees and grapevine in Albania
In 8 districts of Central and South-Eastern Albania, orchards and vineyards were surveyed for the presence of phytoplasma diseases. Symptoms of European stone fruit yellows, apple proliferation, pear decline and grapevine yellows were observed. Samples were collected and tested in the laboratory. As a result: 5 fruit trees (apricot, myrobalan and plum) were infected by European stone fruit yellows phytoplasma, 5 apple trees by apple proliferation phytoplasma (EPPO A2 quarantine pest), and 1 pear tree by pear decline phytoplasma (EPPO A2 quarantine pest). All tested grapevines had bois noir, but were not infected by grapevine flavescence dorée phytoplasma (EPPO A2 quarantine pest). These are the first reports of phytoplasma diseases of fruit trees and grapevine in Albania.
The situation of both apple proliferation and pear decline phytoplasmas in Albania can be described as follows: Present, no details.
Myrta, A.; Ermacora, P.; Stamo, B.; Osler, R. (2003) First report of phytoplasma infections in fruit trees and grapevine in Albania.
Journal of Plant Pathology, 85(1), p 64.