Surveys carried out in Estonia: absence of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus and Synchytrium endobioticum
The NPPO of Estonia recently informed the EPPO Secretariat of the results of surveys carried out in 2002 for Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (EPPO A1 quarantine pest) and Synchytrium endobioticum (EPPO A2 quarantine pest).
The survey for B. xylophilus was carried out for the first time in Estonia. 377 samples were collected in storage places of wood-processing companies which handle imported and domestic wood, and in surrounding forests in all 15 Estonian districts. All samples were analysed in the laboratory using the Baermann funnel method. B. xylophilus was not found.
The situation of B. xylophilus in Estonia can be described as follows: Absent, confirmed by survey.
In the past, S. endobioticum had been found in 3 districts: Rapla district (1 site) in 1949, Võru district (10 sites) in the 1970s and Valga district (2 sites) in 1985. In all cases, phytosanitary measures were immediately taken and the disease was eradicated. In 2002, 26 samples were taken from all previously infected sites and their vicinity. In addition, random samples were taken in other districts. All samples were analysed in the laboratory and S. endobioticum was not found.
The situation of S. endobioticum in Estonia can be described as follows: Absent, found in the past but now declared eradicated, confirmed by survey.
NPPO of Estonia, 2003-05-05.