EPPO Global Database

EPPO Reporting Service no. 03 - 2003 Num. article: 2003/045

Declared pest status: Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. malvacearum is absent from Israel

Following a query by Peru, the NPPO of Israel (PPIS) investigated the reported presence of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. malvacearum (Smith) Vauterin et al. and found that it was based entirely on an abstract in the Review of Applied Mycology from 1962. The bacterium was found in Israel in 1961 on cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) plants growing in one commercial and a nearby experimental plot located in the Central Coastal Plain, most likely introduced via imported seed. Eradication was undertaken, and the infected plots were destroyed. Since that time, there exist no other records of disease occurrence. Surveillance confirms continued absence. Furthermore, Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. malvacearum appears on Israel's official list of quarantine pests annexed to the Plant Import Regulations. The status of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. malvacearum can be summarized as "Absent: pest eradicated."


NPPO of Israel, 2003-03. 
CABI Crop Protection Compendium, Wallingford, UK 2002 
IMI 1996, Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases Map No. 57 
Volcani Z, Nevo D & Cassel M, 1962. Bacterial leaf and stalk diseases of cotton. Hassadeh 42: 367-369 (Hebrew), English abstract in Review of Applied Mycology 41: 713.