Update on the situation of Erwinia amylovora in Slovakia
In Slovakia, Erwinia amylovora (EPPO A2 list) was reported for the first time in 2003 (see EPPO RS 2003/083). The NPPO of Slovakia informed the EPPO Secretariat about the situation of fireblight as of 2004-08-31. In 2004, E. amylovora was detected on 20 sites, all but 2 were located in Western Slovakia. On 13 sites, the bacterium was detected for the first time, on the remaining 7 sites, the disease had already been found in 2003. The most frequent host species encountered were Pyrus, Malus, Cydonia, Crataegus, Mespilus, Cotoneaster and Pyracantha. E. amylovora was detected mainly in private gardens and commercial orchards. Phytosanitary measures are being applied to prevent any further spread of the disease, and to eradicate it.
The situation of E. amylovora in Slovakia can be described as follows: Present, first found in June 2003, 20 infected sites were recorded in 2004 mainly in the west, under eradication.
NPPO of Slovakia, 2004-09.